The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence.” Galama, T., Lleras-Muney, A., & Kippersluis, H. Van. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance (Issue June, pp. 1–96). Oxford University Press. 2018

“ADHD and later-life labor market outcomes in the United States”, Rietveld, C.A. & Patel, P.C. European Journal of Health Economics. 2019

“The effect of the genetic propensity for obesity on income and wealth through educational attainment”, Patel, P.C. & Rietveld, C.A. Obesity. 2019

“Genomic analysis of diet composition finds novel loci and associations with health and lifestyle”, Meddens F. R. et al., Molecular Psychiatry. 2020

The Polygenic Risk Score of Subjective Well-Being, Self-Employment, and Earnings Among Older Individuals”, Patel, P.C. et al. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 2020

A decade of research on the genetics of entrepreneurship: a review and view ahead.” Rietvel, C.A. et al. Small Business Economics. 2020

Investigating the genetic architecture of noncognitive skills using GWAS-by-subtraction”, Demange P., Malanchini M. et al., Nature Genetics. 53, 35–44 2021

Media Coverage


Who we are and what we drink – genes, pubs and alcohol policy by Chris Zünd

Birth rank – does it make a difference? by Dilnoza Muslimova


The Influence of our Genes with intervention by Pietro Birolii (in German)

The Bristol Festival of Ideas with Fleur Meddens and Stephanie Von Hinke

The doctorate of a sweet thooth with Fleur Meddens

Data sources

Core data sources

  • Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)
  • UK Biobank (UKB)
  • English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA)
  • Health and Retirement Study (HRS)
  • Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS)

Secondary data sources

Other Possible datasets

  • National Child Development Study (NCDS)
  • Millenium Cohort Study
  • Estonian Biobank
  • BBMRI (THL) Finnish Biobank
  • TwinksUK
  • Generation Scotland
  • Danish Biobank


The code for all of the papers can be found at this Github page.